Mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches take the view that attempting to change the content of incapacitating thoughts is less productive in the long term than learning to develop control over the processes that maintain them.

To achieve such control, mindfulness training involves paying attention to each event experienced in the present moment within the framework of one’s body and mind, with a non-judgmental, non-reactive and accepting attitude. This process enables a more objective appraisal of thoughts being just “thoughts” rather than “truths” about ones’ self and the world.

Mindfulness-based approaches have been shown to be effective with a number of difficulties, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and coping with stress